This was, to make sure, “the house of the free and the land of the courageous.” Individuals have been free just because the federal government was too weak to intervene within the personal affairs of the individuals—it didn’t have the cash to take action—and so they have been courageous as a result of a free individuals is all the time venturesome. The duty of freedom is a willingness to face by yourself toes.
The early American needed it that manner. He was cautious of presidency, particularly one which was out of his attain. He had simply rid himself of a faraway and self-sufficient political institution and he was not going to tolerate something prefer it in his newly based nation. He acknowledged the necessity of some form of authorities, to maintain order, to guard him within the train of his rights, and to take care of his pursuits in overseas lands. However he needed it understood that the powers of that authorities can be clearly outlined and be restricted; it couldn’t transcend specified limits. It was in recognition of this concern of centralized energy that the Founding Fathers put into the Structure—it by no means would have been ratified with out them—very particular restraints on the federal authorities.
In different issues, the early American was prepared to place his religion in house authorities, in a authorities of neighbors, in a authorities that one may preserve one’s eyes on and, if obligatory, lay one’s palms on. For that motive, the USA was based as a Union of separate and autonomous commonwealths. The states may go in for any political experiments the oldsters would possibly wish to check out—even socialism, for that matter—however the federal authorities had no such leeway. In spite of everything, there have been different states close by, and if a citizen didn’t like the way in which one state authorities was managing its affairs, he may transfer throughout the border; that menace of competitors would preserve every state from going too far in making modifications or in intervening within the lives of the residents.
The Structure, then, stored the federal authorities off steadiness and weak. And a weak authorities is the corollary of a robust individuals.
The Sixteenth Modification modified all that. Within the first place, by enabling the federal authorities to place its palms into the pockets and pay envelopes of the individuals, it drew their allegiance away from their native governments. It made them residents of the USA relatively than of their respective states. Theft loyalty adopted theft cash, which was now taken from them not by their native representatives, over whom that they had some management, however by the representatives of the opposite forty-seven states. They turned topic to the desire of the central authorities, and their state of subjection was emphasised by each improve within the revenue tax levies.
The state governments likewise misplaced an increasing number of of their autonomy. Not solely was their income being dried up by federal preemption, in order that that they had much less and fewer for the social providers a authorities ought to present, however they have been compelled of their extremity to use to the central authorities for assist. In so doing they essentially gave up a few of their independence. They discovered it troublesome to face as much as the establishment from which they needed to beg grants-in-aid. Moreover, the federal authorities was in place to demand subservience from the state governments as a situation for subventions. It has now turn out to be politically smart for governors, legislators, and congressmen to “play ball” with the central authorities; they’ve been lowered to being procurement officers for the residents who elect them. The financial energy which the federal authorities secured by the Sixteenth Modification enabled it to bribe the state governments, in addition to the residents, into submission to its will.
In that manner, the entire spirit of the Union and of its Structure has been liquidated. Earnings taxation has manufactured from the USA as utterly centralized a nation as any that went earlier than it; the very type of institution the Founding Fathers abhorred was arrange by this easy change within the tax legal guidelines. That is now not the “house of the free,” and what bravery stays is traceable to a practice that’s quick shedding floor.
For these of us who nonetheless consider that freedom is finest, the way in which is obvious: we should consider the correction of the error of 1913. The Sixteenth Modification should be repealed. Nothing much less will do. For it’s only as a result of it has this huge income that the federal authorities is ready to institute procedures that violate the person’s proper to himself and his property; enforcement companies should be paid. With the repeal of the modification, the socialistic measures visited upon us these previous thirty years will vanish.
The acquisition of elections with federal cash will now not be attainable. And the ability and dignity of the house governments can be restored.
This measure must be supported by the governors and legislators of all of the states. Each state within the Union now contributes in revenue taxes to the federal authorities greater than it will get again in grants-in-aid; that is inevitable, as a result of the price of sustaining the massive federal equipment should come out of the taxes earlier than the citizen can get something. With the abolition of revenue taxation the states can be higher capable of serve its residents, and since the state governments are nearer and extra attentive to the desire of the individuals, there may be higher probability that the residents will get their full greenback’s value in providers.
Nonetheless, the principal argument for the repeal of the Sixteenth Modification is that solely in that manner can freedom from an interventionist authorities be restored to the American individuals.
Revealed because the foreword to Frank Chodorov’s The Earnings Tax: Root of all Evil (1954).